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Wednesday, July 17, 2024

Anti-Depressants Overview

Anti-Depressants are medicines used to help people who have depression. Most people with depression get better with treatment that includes these medicines: Lexapro, Effexor XR, Buspar, Buspirone , Zoloft, Bupropion HCL, Paxil, Prozac, Wellbutrin SR, Celexa, Fluoxetine.

Antidepressants And Birth Defects

In recent years, information has been emerging about pregnant women taking certain antidepressants and children being born with various forms of birth defects.  These birth defects can include heart defects, brain and spinal cord defects, club foot, cleft palate, cleft lip, limb defects, abdominal and anal defects, and many more.  The FDA has issued alerts and warnings regarding antidepressants being linked to birth defects.

Pregnant women were told that taking prescription antidepressants during their pregnancy was safe, so they may have unknowingly put their babies at risk.

The types of prescription antidepressants being studied and evaluated as possibly causing birth defects include:

  • Prozac
  • Paxil
  • Celexa
  • Zoloft
  • Lexapro

Anti Depressants Side Effects

In these modern times, it is very common to find people who have a hard time dealing with life on the whole. Mental problems like depression, bipolar disorders, and manic depression are common. Quite a few people also commonly use antidepressants to soothe their minds and to control the symptoms of the disease. But if you use antidepressants, here are a few things you should know about the most common antidepressant side effects that can happen to patients:

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Headaches
  • Dizziness
  • Weight gains or weight loss that is difficult to get rid of
  • Increased appetite or loss of appetite
  • Restlessness
  • Anxiety
  • Decreased libido
  • Tremors
  • Sleepiness
  • Fatigue
  • Diarrhea
  • Frequent insomnia in some patients
  • Constipation

More about Antidepressant Side Effects

Please note too that most researchers don’t exactly know how antidepressants work. Studies that have been carried out are also very contradictory on the nature of the disease and how the medications can work to control them. For a few people with depression, the medications don’t work at all! You also have to remember that there is a range of antidepressants that are present in the market. The actual side effects that will present in a patient will depend on the exact medication that is used. The antidepressant side effects will also differ according to the patient, his individual body reactions, the dosage that he is on, and the reaction that the body has with it. Just as all humans are unique, we cannot predict the exact antidepressant side effects that will occur in each and every patient. For this reason, we advise every patient to get them checked over completely before they take any kind of antidepressant medication.

Apart from these common antidepressant side effects, a whole range of antidepressant side effects can occur in patients who are in different age groups. For example, people who are older than 65 have to be very careful about their antidepressant use if they have kidney and hepatic failure. The same medications can cause side effects if they are combined. Most people over the age of 65 usually are being treated for heart problems, cholesterol and even for blood pressure. Before using SSRI antidepressants most doctors will suggest that you do a complete medical checkup to prevent fatal antidepressant side effects.

Doctors also recommend that patients in younger age groups have to be closely monitored for a potential of increased suicides. Most researchers have stated that an increased suicide rate in younger patients is a potentially dangerous antidepressant side effect although the exact cause is not known.