Heroin Addiction and Treatment in Harrison Town, New Jersey
Located in Hudson County, New Jersey and governed by a Town Council, Harrison has a population of 16,231 people according to the 2016 Census estimates. Bordering Harrison Town is East Newark as well as Kearny which is in Hudson County as well. In Harrison Town, the percentage of people, of the total population, that has graduated from high school or is a graduate is 79.7%. In the town, 14.4% of the total population are currently living below the levels of poverty. According to statistics, the Median Household income in the town is about $58,000.
The rate of crime in Harrison Town is relatively high with the percentages being higher compared to the national average. According to the FBI, 1 in 41 people in Harrison Town is likely to be subject to violent or property crime. Compared to New Jersey, the rates of crime in Harrison Town are 84% higher, in comparison to other towns.
Based on data from the Substance Abuse admissions in New Jersey, Harrison Town, the drug that is abused most is Heroine. The statistics indicate that of from the whole state of New Jersey, in the year 2016, 35 individuals from Harrison Town were admitted for heroin abuse while in the entire state, 67 individuals were admitted. The number of heroin abusers in the town constitutes 52% of the number of abusers of the drug, a reflection of the extent of the problem.
The high rates of crime in Harrison Town can be attributed to the drugs abuse problem given that use of drugs results in irresponsible and violent behavior. The percentage of people living in poverty is high as well at 14.4%, an aspect that makes it likely for drugs to be abused as well as engagement in crime. The high number of heroin users in the town points to the problem of addiction, and treatment in rehabilitation centers is the most formidable solution to heroin addicts.
Heroin Addiction Treatment
Heroin is the derivative form of morphine, and its abuse is its use as a painkiller. The use of the illicit drug as a painkiller is the fact that its use has a similar effect to the use of endorphins. The abuse of heroin as a pleasure drug results in addicts being highly likely to suffer from mouth dryness, drowsiness, slow breathing, and weakness in the muscles, depression, and irritation. Are you a heroin addict from Harrison Town and wish to recover and start living normally? Are reeling from pain and suffering due to the use of heroin? The following is the rehabilitation treatment and help is available in rehabilitation centers in Harrison Town;
Heroin addiction assessment
Heroin drug addiction assessment requires several components. These include;
- A physical examination.
- Laboratory testing.
- A psychiatric evaluation.
- An analysis of the mental status of an addict.
- Complete health history of the addict.
Assessment of heroin addiction is the beginning of treatment for addicts, and it can be done individually or medically by physicians. At the individual level, addiction assessment for the heroine is done through a test in the form of a questionnaire. Assessment is a vital step in determining the effects that heroin use has had on individuals.
- Self-Assessment for heroin addiction
Individuals using heroin can assess whether they are addicted to the illicit drug. The technology age has made it easier for individuals to determine whether it is time to seek treatment for drug addiction. The online exam an addict does provides results on whether or not there is a need to find medical assistance through rehabilitation centers.
Based on the National Center for Biotechnology Information and the American Psychiatric Association Diagnostic, the following questionnaire provides a diagnosis that is definite for heroin users;
- Is your use of heroin in large amounts whenever it is available?
- Do you use heroin in high amounts with the aim of achieving a similar high as you reached in previous experiences?
- Have you been experiencing withdrawal symptoms such as anxiety, insomnia, and sweating when you try to stop heroin use?
- Do you experience diarrhea, vomiting, nausea, and cramping once you use heroin?
- Have you sought professional help to quit heroin?
- Have been in trouble with family, friends, and work due to heroin use?
- What is your interest in engaging in your hobbies?
The assessment provides instant results, and the accuracy of the assessment is based on the provision of accurate answers by the addict. Heroin users from Harrison Town that question whether they are addicted to the drug can use the test to get accurate results based on the assessment.
- Medical assessment
Physicians conduct a medical assessment to evaluate the extent of the drug use and addiction by a user. The assessment by physicians is thorough and tries to understand the manner in which the heroin addiction problem has affected the body physically, psychologically and mentally. The assessment also focuses on the medical history of the patient. A medical assessment by a physician must be done before treatment in a rehabilitation center since it is the most accurate way of devising the best treatment option.
Physicians can use the NIDA drug screening tool in the assessment of heroin addiction. Through the mechanism, a holistic assessment of the drug abuse problem is done based on the answering of the following questions;
- In the past year, how often has been the use of alcohol, tobacco, prescription drugs as well as other illegal drugs?
- Which of the drugs, cocaine, cannabis, methamphetamine, inhalants, and sedatives have you used in your lifetime?
- The scores on the use of substances abused are added up to assess the risk of the patient. The risks fall into the categories; moderate (4-26), low (0-3) and high (more than 27).
- A recommendation to the patient on the help they should receive based on their readiness.
Pre-Intake activities for heroin treatment
The conclusion of an assessment for heroin addicts is followed by their pre-intake for treatment to be initiated. Before intake for treatment in a rehabilitation center, the issue of payment options accepted and total costs that are to be incurred should be undertaken. The insurance that is accepted in a rehabilitation center is also important to note before treatment for the rehabilitation. There are centers where only specific types of insurance are accepted and failure to have the insurance being used by an addict to be enrolled means that costs rise.
The offered benefits in a rehabilitation center including the food, housing as well as comfort is another aspect that should be considered pre-intake. The benefits and offerings aid the recovery process of an addict since they enhance their comfort in the rehab center.
Intake in a rehabilitation center for a heroin addict involves the following activities;
- Provision of the personal details of the patient including; name, date of birth, address, gender, profession, and race among other details.
- The provision of a medical insurance card as well as claim forms where applicable.
- Interview with a therapist, or physician.
The interview with the therapist or physician is done to determine how severe addiction is and is compulsory. During the interview during admission, information sought include;
- History of drug use personally.
- History of drug abuse in the family.
- Coexistence of infectious diseases is assessed.
- Evaluation of mental health issues associated with heroin abuse.
- Events that resulted or preceded heroin use are assessed.
The provision of accurate information is critical to successful treatment for heroin addiction. Inaccurate information is often provided by patients, negatively affecting the treatment process and this could result in the recommendation for the wrong treatment option. Addicts are encouraged to be transparent and not shy as they provide treatment information. The information provided during intake is confidential hence there is no need to conceal information that would otherwise be helpful in the treatment process.
Detoxification takes place in the initial stages of heroin in the addiction rehabilitation process. It is a critical phase given that it plays a role in eliminating heroine from the body of the user. Addiction, being psychological and physical, requires that the two are addressed to ensure long lasting recovery. Through detoxification, physical dependence on heroin is addressed and withdrawal symptoms managed and addressed. The following withdrawal symptoms are common during heroin detoxification;
- Watery eyes
- Loss of Appetite
- Pain in the muscles and joints
Ensuring that heroin addicts are comfortable, free of the symptoms of withdrawal, and relaxation are the primary objectives of detox. In specific instances, in the easing of the symptoms of withdrawal, maintenance medication is used. The detox process can take several days to a few weeks. The following factors dictate this;
- The body metabolism of an addict as well as the composition.
- The dosage of the heroin abuse.
- The amount of time an addict abused heroin.
- The presence of other addictions other than heroin.
The use of medication in heroin detoxification is a common occurrence. The determination of whether medication is necessary is done by a physician or professional. The following medication is recommended to alleviate lethal withdrawal symptoms during heroin detox;
- Methadone – used in the process of detox to ease the symptoms of withdrawal from heroin.
- Buprenorphine – helps treat addiction to heroin without making them feel “high” as a result of its use.
Heroin addicts being provided with inpatient treatment primarily involves the provision of care, comforts as well as amenities in centers of treatment where they reside during the treatment process. The amount of time it takes during inpatient treatment varies between 30 and 90 days. There are different programs and activities offered during inpatient treatment for heroin addiction. These include;
- Yoga and meditation are one of the activities that are widely practiced in inpatient treatment for heroin addicts.
- Individual therapy;
– Patients are advised on how to use their time and resources to engage in new hobbies
– Skills on time management are inculcated in the recovering addicts.
– Patients instructed on how to manage triggers of heroin use.
– Recovering addicts are taught to reform their patterns of thinking to become more productive.
- c) Counselling – Counselors provide the addicts with ways through which they can change to become productive people in the society. Advice is aimed at making addicts sharper decision makers to avoid drug addiction in the future.
Heroin addicts are regularly monitored by professionals in the inpatient treatment center. The central area of focus is the withdrawal symptoms and their control. Professionals provide counsel to addicts on how to ensure that they fully recover from heroin addiction.
Outpatient treatment for heroin addicts involves the provision of care when patients continue to engage in their activities on a daily basis. Addicts that are actively employed as well as those that are keen on being close to their family are likely to choose outpatient treatment. During outpatient treatment, the following activities take place;
- Sessions of therapy – therapy is standard practice in outpatient heroin addiction treatment. Therapy sessions are aimed at behavioral reform by addicts, encouraging them to adopt more responsible behavior.
- Educational sessions – these are principally aimed at enlightening the addicts on the adverse effects of heroin abuse and use, as well as responsible behavior to avoid relapse after recovery.
- Meetings of support groups – Support groups, mainly those that are in the local community, are involved in these meetings. These groups provide a reflection and advice to the addict on how to reform and become a better and more productive individual.
After-Care in heroin addiction treatment
After-care for treated heroin addicts requires that they avoid a likely relapse through the application of the necessary measures. The use of support groups and attendance to educational sessions is expected to reduce the likelihood of a relapse. Seeking medical assistance and counsel in the case of withdrawal symptoms after treatment is of great significance in aftercare for recovering addicts.
Sober living can be huge challenge for recovering addicts, and it can be successfully done through practice of the following;
- The continued taking of prescribed medication – heroin addicts, are likely to have particular medication, such as buprenorphine, to use after discharge from treatment. These should be used for as long as advised to ensure that an addict does not relapse.
- Relating to friends and close relatives that are sober is part of sober living as well, and it ensures that a treated former heroin addict does not get influenced by drug users to relapse after treatment.
Heroin Detoxification in an Outpatient Setting. (2018). Retrieved from http://www.outpatientcenters.org/heroin/
Heroin Treatment and Rehab – Overcoming Heroin Addiction. (2017). Retrieved from https://www.addictioncenter.com/drugs/heroin/treatment/
Heroin Withdrawal Timeline, Symptoms and Treatment. (2018). Retrieved from https://americanaddictioncenters.org/withdrawal-timelines-treatments/heroin/
National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2018).What are the treatments for heroin addiction? Retrieved from https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/research-reports/heroin/what-are-treatments-heroin-addiction