Marijuana Addiction Treatment, Madison Borough, New Jersey
Named after President James Madison in his honor, and nicknamed “the Rose City,” Madison is a borough and is located in Morris County in the State of New Jersey. The population is estimated to be 16,072 people and has not grown significantly since the 2010 census when the population was 15,845 people. Madison, like many other towns and cities s across the U.S, continues to struggle with drug abuse and overdose. In a single month, September 2017, police records in Madison documented a broad range of cases. These include; possession of painkillers not prescribed, possession of marijuana, possession of paraphernalia, and cases of assault. Given the size of the township, and the number of people, the rate of crime is relatively high.
Based on the criminal records of Madison updated recently, the cases of violent crime are 4, aggravated assault 3, property crime highest at 131 cases, lancer theft second highest at 112 cases, and burglary 19 cases. The rates of crime in Madison are lower compared to other cities in New Jersey with the likelihood of one being a victim of a crime being 1 in 162. The rate of unemployment in Madison is at 4.7%, a little lower the state which is at 6%. The poverty level is at 3 .7%, lower than that of New Jersey which is at 10%. Of the total population of Madison, the percentage of people living in poverty in Madison is 5 .7% despite the fact that the median household income is double that of the United States.
The resident admissions based on the Municipality records in 2015, Madison registered 18 out of 33 cases in total for alcohol abuse. The number of hospitalizations due to the abuse of Opiates were four while those of marijuana were 4. In the recent past, the number of arrests, admissions, and convictions for illegal possession and use of marijuana in Madison has risen significantly.
As an illicit drug, the highest percentage of abusers are teens and young people. Middle-aged people also abuse the drug and the increase in the number of abusers can be attributed to ease in access to the drug. The fact that it is cheap makes it affordable among the teens. The high of rates of crime and unemployment in Madison can be attributed to the abuse of marijuana as well. Marijuana abuse has the following side effects according to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA);
- Respiratory Problems
- Depression and anxiety
- Mood changes
- Poor problem solving
- Memory loss temporarily
The use of marijuana results in the development of disorders that co-occur. These disorders are mainly mental and include;
- Post-traumatic stress disorder (PSTD).
- The bipolar disorder.
- Impulse control disorder.
To the residents of Madison Borough, New Jersey, who could be suffering from Marijuana addiction, well, treatment is available, and it follows a distinct process. The short and long-term effects of marijuana addiction need attention and treatment as soon as an individual discovers that they are addicted. There are many rehabilitation centers where marijuana addicts can get help and treatment. Treatment in these centers is done through the use of a broad range of strategies and programs. The following steps are followed in treating marijuana addicts in rehabilitation centers;
An assessment also referred to as screening, is the initial step in the treatment of marijuana addiction. The step is of great significance given that it informs the most appropriate treatment in rehabilitation centers based on the needs of the patient. In the assessment of marijuana addiction, there are cut-off scores that determine whether one needs to seek treatment, a decision made by a clinician. The use of the cut off score is helpful in determining the co-occurring disorders that an addict could be suffering from due to marijuana use. The following are the primary measures that inform the treatment method chosen for marijuana addicts
- Patterns of use – the addict is, in a retrospective manner, requested to provide an estimate of the number of joints, they believe they have smoked for a specified period, between a week and a year. The measure could also require the addict to assess the manner in which they use marijuana based on their use frequency over a 30 day period, an indicator of dependency.
- Problems that are user-related – it involves the determination of the manner in which marijuana has affected the life of a user. The assessment explores the impact of marijuana on social relationships, the finances of the user, and their memory. The assessment further investigates the manner in which marijuana impacts the physical health of the user, the productivity of the user, their motivation, the legal problems as a result of marijuana use, as well as their self-esteem. The measure explores the negative issues that a user has encountered due to marijuana use, an aspect. The questions help inform the extent of harm caused to the body and life of a marijuana user.
- Measure on withdrawal and craving – the inability of a marijuana user to control its use is assessed. The negative emotions that an addict aims to suppress through marijuana use are evaluated. A marijuana addict is also assessed on the positive results they strive to achieve through the use of the drug. The measure also evaluates the withdrawal symptoms that the user has experienced as they tried to stop using the drug
- The motive for use as well as the intent of quitting – the assessment of marijuana addiction also involves the identification of the reasons why they have decided to discontinue using the drug. The information is hugely helpful in informing the proper treatment method.
- Expectations and use experiences – the metric evaluates the reasons why an addict has been using the drug. The positive and negative experiences of an addict on use of marijuana are assessed as well. The thoughts and beliefs of a marijuana addict are examined with the objective of determining whether the user understands the implications of abusing marijuana.
- Self-efficacy and coping by a user – the methods a marijuana addict believes could be helpful in enabling them reduce and entirely avoid using the drug are explored. The information helps determine the level of confidence of a marijuana user in their ability to ultimately overcome the addiction.
The screening and assessment that is conducted based on these metrics provide a holistic understanding of the extent of the problem of addiction. It also informs the way forward on the best approach to use in the treatment of the addiction. The information collected through the assessment also helps identify disorders that could have risen from marijuana abuse, further assisting in the determination of the best treatment option.
Before intake in a rehabilitation facility, there is a checklist of items and details that an addict is required to bring with them and provide. The items are for successful processing of the addict during intake as well as for their use during the period when they are to be in admission. These items and details include;
- Photo ID.
- Proper clothing for activities indoors and outdoors in the rehabilitation center.
- Appropriate footwear.
- A list of the medication that a patient takes for medical purposes.
- A small amount of cash to spend on items for personal care.
- Hygiene items such as a comb, a deodorant, a towel, a toothbrush, and toothpaste.
- A list of any medication that is prescribed to the addicts and that they use for the betterment of their health.
- A watch.
These documents and items help in the intake process of the patient and ensure that they are comfortable during their time at the rehabilitation center. The treatment process could be paralyzed or fail to be successful if the patient is uncomfortable.
In a marijuana rehabilitation center, the intake process is more of an interview. A professional asks the marijuana addicts a set of questions whose answers are required to be accurate and correct. The treatment recommended by the professional is grounded on the information hence the need for truthfulness and provision of facts. The commonly asked questions posed to a marijuana addict during intake are;
- What are the reasons behind the use of marijuana?
- Other than marijuana, do you drink alcohol or use other illicit or prescription drugs?
- How much has your life been affected by marijuana abuse?
- What is your mental health history?
- Do you have family members or close relatives that suffer from marijuana addiction or other types of drugs?
- What is your or your family’s’ financial capability?
- Have you unsuccessfully sought for addiction treatment in the past?
- How do you live with the rest of your family or relationship with your friends that do not use drugs?
The professional assessment conducted in rehabilitation centers prepare the addict for treatment. The professionals get to understand the patient and their background with greater precision. The needs of a marijuana addict get to be addressed based on their history. The questions, clarifications, and concerns by a marijuana addict to being admitted for treatment are asked during intake.
Professionals in a rehabilitation center do marijuana detoxification. There are various withdrawal symptoms that marijuana users suffer from while in the removing the drug from the system. During detox, these symptoms are managed while ensuring the comfort of the addict. Behavioral therapies are commonly applied in marijuana detox to ensure that addicts avoid dependence on the illicit drug. These include;
- Therapy for motivational enhancement; it helps marijuana addicts undergoing detox to set goals that are personal, and which they have the drive to achieve. Proper counseling helps marijuana addicts undergoing rehabilitation set the goals.
- Cognitive behavior theory; counseling and regularly educating a marijuana addict undergoing detox is done with the objective of enlightenment on how to have the comprehension of dangerous behavior. The manner in which a recovering addict can make choices that are healthier is explored as well.
- Contingency management; the technique is applied through the use of rewards that are tangible in a bid to encourage behavior that is healthy and desist from marijuana use by addicts undergoing rehabilitation.
Inpatient treatment for marijuana addiction is done in the confines of rehabilitation facilities where professionals closely monitor an addict. The marijuana addict, in this environment, does not gain access to the drug. The dependency of the addict on marijuana is cut through inpatient treatment.
Therapy is one of the most highly recommended treatment programs for marijuana addiction. Therapy is done to provide the addicts with knowledge on how to best avoid the triggers that result in the use of the drug. The best way to manage one’s lifestyle and become more efficient at solving problems is integrated into a marijuana addict during therapy sessions during in-patient treatment.
Other than sessions of therapy, sessions where an addict under treatment engages in physical exercise is also a part of the treatment process. Sessions of massage are also provided in the inpatient treatment of marijuana addicts. The day of a patient during inpatient treatment has a unique structure preventing them from any thoughts of the drug by ensuring that they are busy throughout.
Outpatient treatment, is preferred by a huge percentage of marijuana addicts. The fact that it is relatively cheaper and that patients have time to engage in their daily life makes it have greater preference over inpatient treatment. Outpatient treatment is done through the use of various programs including counseling and therapy sessions. Professionals conduct the meetings on a regular basis, which could be daily, weekly or even monthly. The therapy and counseling enable the marijuana addict to develop a strong stance against marijuana use. They change the attitude and perception of the addict towards the drug, making them more likely to avoid it.
Aftercare is done to ensure that treated marijuana addicts are regularly reminded of the reasons to avoid the use of the drug and their resolve to quit using it strengthened. The use of continuing care sessions that are provided by rehabilitation centers at strategic locations is recommended. The sessions build the resilience of a rehabilitated marijuana addict to help them become stronger in avoiding any temptations to use the drug.
It is the initiative of a rehabilitated marijuana user to live sober, without using the drug any further. The following helps promote sober living for a rehabilitated marijuana addict;
- a) Hobbies; regular engagement in hobbies, especially during free time helps a rehabilitated addict liver soberly.
- b) Seeking employment for addicts that were previously unemployed also helps keep them busy and avoid relapse to using the drug.
- c) Exercise and sports; regularly exercising during the free time and choosing a favorite sport to keep a rehabilitated addict also helps promote sober living.
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McLaren, E. (2016, November 4). Marijuana Withdrawal. Retrieved from https://drugabuse.com/library/marijuana-withdrawal/
Patterson, E. (2016, January 29). The Effects of Marijuana Use. Retrieved from https://drugabuse.com/library/the-effects-of-marijuana-use/
What Does A Marijuana Addiction Treatment Program Look Like? (2018). Retrieved from https://americanaddictioncenters.org/marijuana-rehab/