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Drugs and Substance Abuse and Treatment in Paterson, New Jersey

Paterson, New Jersey is just like the most of the “Garden State,” riddled with drugs and crime. The “Silk City” has a high unemployment rate with home values much less than the rest of the state. These factors may contribute to the elevated number of admissions to alcohol and drug rehab in Paterson, NJ.

About Paterson, New Jersey

The city has a population of 147,000 with much of the city never being married. In fact, 49 percent of people have never been married while 7.8 percent are divorced. Most people in the area only have a high school education. In fact, only 10.2 percent possess a bachelor’s degree or higher. The unemployment rate in Paterson, NJ is higher than the national average of 4.1 percent as of December 2017. The rate in the city is 8.3 percent as of November 2017. Unemployment has increasingly been a problem. Since 1992, the unemployment rate has ranged from 7.0 percent to 17.5 percent. In the city, 36.4 percent were born out of the country while only 21.8 percent of residents in the entire state was born out of the country. Burglaries, theft and assault account for most of the crime in the area. The overall crime rate in Paterson is two percent higher than the national average. The city, however, is only safer than 12 percent of other cities in the United States. For those who are court ordered or are seeking out treatment on their own, Paterson offers both inpatient and outpatient drug and alcohol rehab.

Analyzing Your Substance Abuse

Whether your friends and family convened and hosted an intervention, or you’ve been sitting at home contemplating if your substance abuse is out of control, you have to ask yourself a few questions to assess if treatment must be necessary. First and foremost, you have to evaluate how much you rely on a substance throughout an average day. In other words, do you feel the need to use alcohol or drugs on a regular basis? Do you use to celebrate and forget? And if so, how often? While it’s normal to go out for a night of drinking to celebrate landing a big job, it’s not normal to go out several times each week. When you’re not using, do you think about using? Once again, it’s okay to think about going out for drinks with friends, but it’s not okay to anxiously await your work day to end to go drink alone all the time. Moreover, you shouldn’t rely on a substance just to finish a day.

You must take into consideration your performance at work or school. If you’re missing school or work to drink or do drugs or because you’re hungover or going through the “come down,” it might be time to consider a drug and alcohol rehab facility in Paterson, NJ. Evaluate your performance at work or school as well. If you notice a decline in your performance since you started using a substance, it may be time to look into the treatment options available to you.

Your friends and family are the people who are closest to you. If you’re hurting them when drinking or using drugs, you could have a problem, especially if you’re not thinking about the consequences when you’re using. Think about if you owe any of your friends or family money because of your substance abuse. Additionally, you want to factor into the equation your behaviors when you use alcohol or drugs. If you’re regretting what you’re saying or doing when intoxicated, it might be time to seek the assistance of a drug and alcohol rehab in Paterson, NJ. Consider if you experience blackouts as a result of binge drinking and how frequently they occur.

Legal and financial problems may arise as a result of a substance abuse issue. For instance, if you’re spending more money than you have, then your substance abuse may be becoming a problem. You’ll want to think about if you’re late on your bills, if you owe people money or if you go without from paycheck to paycheck because of the money you spend on your habit. Think about any legal issues you’re experiencing as a result of drugs or alcohol.

Most people can go without drinking or drug use for prolonged periods of time without any symptoms. For that reason, if you feel anxious, sick or have any other symptoms when you stop using, it might be time to seek out the assistance of a drug or alcohol rehab in Paterson. This is especially the case if you’re unable to go even a week without using.

Analyze the answers to your self-assessment. If it appears your habits indicate you have a problem, it’s best to start the rehab process as soon as possible. Once you decide on a program, especially inpatient treatment, you’ll under an assessment conducted by a professional who’ll ask you similar questions along with numerous others. During your assessment, a professional will discuss your options and develop the ideal course of action for your particular needs. You’ll be able to undergo the detox process and complete a treatment program. If you desire a sober living house or final evaluation, you can discuss it with a professional who’ll be able to analyze the situation and determine the ideal treatment you.

Symptoms of Withdrawal

Every case is different, and everyone experiences different symptoms of withdrawal that vary based on the drug and the severity of their addiction. These symptoms are the body’s way of adapting to the change of working without a substance. Your brain and body in general become used to the substance in your system, and when you stop feeding the body drugs or alcohol, it doesn’t know how to function, possibly sending an increased number of signals in the brain or causing cramping in your abdomen because of the receptors in the intestines.

Withdrawal symptoms classify as either physical or psychological. The symptoms you experience depend upon the substance. For instance, drugs that classify as stimulants, as well as most synthetics, cause psychological symptoms only while opiates including heroin, benzodiazepine tranquilizers and alcohol cause physical symptoms. Generally, you can expect the physical symptoms to be first, and psychological withdrawal symptoms of these substances tend to proceed these symptoms, but some people do experience a combination of psychological and physical symptoms once the withdrawal process begins.

When the symptoms start depends on the severity of your addiction and the substance, but typically symptoms will start within hours or days of your last use. The physical symptoms tend to peak two to three days after they begin and last for about a week, possibly longer. The psychological symptoms may last for weeks or even months, although they tend to decrease over time.

Psychological Symptoms of Withdrawal

Psychological symptoms of withdrawal include anxiety, depression, restless, the inability to feel pleasure, mood swings, depression, insomnia and agitation. Strong cravings classify as a psychological symptom, and although the cravings decrease in intensity over time, you may suffer from cravings years after you detox.

Opioid analgesics, heroin, alcohol and benzodiazepine tranquilizers all cause physical withdrawal symptoms. You may feel like you have the flu for about a week, but the worst of the symptoms tend to subside after two to three days after they begin. For instance, you might experience nausea, vomiting, muscle aches and weakness, abdominal cramping, headaches and diarrhea. You might have a runny nose or sweat profusely.

More Serious Symptoms of Withdrawal

Some people have changes in their vital signs during the withdrawal process. These symptoms range from tachycardia to rapid breathing to heart palpitations to high blood pressure. Hallucinations may occur, especially in patients who suffer from the most serious form of alcohol withdrawal known as delirium tremens. For people who experience withdrawal from alcohol or benzodiazepines, the process can have life-threatening effects such as seizures, heart attack or stroke. It’s possible that death can occur from heroin or other opiate withdrawal, but it’s not actually a symptom. Plus, it’s rare. Death only occurs during opiate withdrawal as a result of dehydration from the other withdrawal symptoms.

Assistance with Detox/Withdrawal Symptoms

During the detox phase of your treatment, you’re getting all of the substances out of your system, so your body will experience various symptoms of withdrawal. Although it’s possible to detox without the assistance of medical intervention, it’s not recommended. Even if you’ll only be at risk for psychological symptoms, a detox center or drug and alcohol rehab can assist in reducing the intensity of your symptoms or possibly eliminating them completely, making you more likely to continue with your treatment. If a serious complication should arise, it could be deadly. A detox center or alcohol and drug rehab in Paterson, NJ will be able to intervene before a complication gets too serious. Professionals will also help you emotionally during your the detox. The goal of having support during detox is to make the experience as safe as possible.

You may be given a maintenance drug during your detox to reduce some of the symptoms of withdrawal. Drugs in this category include methadone, SUBOXONE and Subutex. Methadone is a generic for Dolophine, a drug that acts on the same receptors in the brain as a heroin and opiate pain relievers. SUBOXONE is a combination of Naloxone and buprenorphine. The buprenorphine acts on the same receptors as methadone, but the Naloxone blocks any effects of it. The Subutex only contains buprenorphine, which is an opiate that doesn’t have the same effect as heroin or other opiates. All of these drugs prevent the body from going through withdrawal symptoms, but they don’t cause the “high.” All of the maintenance drugs have the potential for dependency, only not as severe as opioid pain relievers. You’ll need to go through a weaning process to discontinue them, or you could experience withdrawal symptoms from them. Most people are on a maintenance drug for at least one year before discontinuation occurs.

If you’re addicted to a drug in the benzodiazepine family, you’ll be monitored carefully. Part of the detoxification process is usually done through a taper, meaning the dosage you take will be reduced slowly in order to prevent withdrawal.

Sometimes, you’ll be given medications to combat your withdrawal symptoms as they arise. For instance, an antiadrenergic agent prevents the body from producing stress hormones including dopamine, epinephrine and norepinephrine. All of these hormones have the potential to increase your heart rate and cause the heart muscle to beat harshly. The adrenergic prevents the release of hormones, so your heart rate doesn’t increase, you don’t have heart palpitations and your blood pressure stays regular. By regulating your vitals, a medication in this family will prevent a heart attack or stroke.

If you’re suffering from psychological symptoms of withdrawal such as anxiety, you may be prescribed an antidepressant or a benzodiazepine tranquilizer. For those who are at risk of having a seizure because you’re a long-term, heavy user of alcohol or benzodiazepines, you may be given an anticonvulsant to prevent a seizure. If you should happen to have a seizure because it wasn’t anticipated, you’ll be given a fast-acting benzodiazepine, barbiturate or another anticonvulsant.

Inpatient Rehab Options

Typically, inpatient drug and alcohol rehab in Paterson, NJ is more intense and comprehensive than an outpatient treatment program. Treatment options may include partial hospitalization, intensive outpatient or a residential treatment center.

Partial Hospitalization

A partial hospitalization (PHP) is a treatment for alcohol or drug recovery that consists of between three to seven days of treatment each week. Each day you have treatment, you will spend between 10 to 12 hours per session. The treatment may consist of both individual and group therapy sessions. It’s also used for patients who have a mental disorder. After your treatment, you’re allowed to return to your home for the night.

Intensive Outpatient

An intensive outpatient program (IOP) is a treatment that consists of you living in your own home but seeking out treatment during the day. Schedules for IOP are flexible. You might be able to work during the day or during the evening, depending on schedule options. Usually, an IOP lasts for between 10 to 12 hours each week. You receive a bit more intense of a treatment than an outpatient one without having to put your life on hold completely until you complete your treatment. It’s not for everyone because you’re at a greater risk for relapsing when you’re in a situation with the same people and triggers as before your detox in Paterson, NJ since you are allowed to return home each day.

Residential Treatment Center

A residential treatment center (RTC) is one where you live at the facility the entire duration of your program. You’re limited in regards to visitors. You have to follow a schedule that consists of various types of therapy and activities. The schedule helps you transition back into the real world since you’ll need to relearn responsibility. You stay safe at the facility because you’re away from possible triggers. You receive emotional support during a time when you may need it. You get to socialize with people who are in the same situation as yourself, so you’re able to form bonds with people who will encourage and not judge.

Outpatient Care

Outpatient is the ideal treatment for those who still work and can’t pause anything going on in their lives in order to complete a treatment program. You spend a few hours each week participating in individual and possibly group therapy. You receive the same therapies as you would in an inpatient treatment, only they’re not as extensive due to time restraints. In addition to therapy, you may also receive a maintenance drug at a clinic or center when you’re an outpatient. You’ll have to travel to the facility to receive the treatment.

Outpatient treatment doesn’t have as high of a success rate as inpatient treatment. You’re at a greater risk for relapsing after you detox if you’re doing an outpatient program. It’s not beneficial to those who have serious addictions or who are too vulnerable to resist temptation.

Possible Treatments

Addiction will affect your mental, physical and social well-being, but an inpatient or outpatient program has the ability to assist with therapy and other activities. During your individual therapy, a trained professional will ask you questions about your addiction, when it began and how it began. The therapist will ask you questions to help him or her gain a better understanding of how your addiction arose and what could have contributed to the onset. By gaining a better understanding of who you are, the therapist is able to help you develop strategies to prevent you from using again. You can work through any traumatic issues that you have developed throughout your life.

During therapy, you’ll learn how to react if you should develop cravings. You’re taught stress relief techniques, so you can resume your life after treatment without having to resort back to substance abuse to combat your stress or upset.

You may be asked to participate in group therapy as well. Group therapy consists of you speaking with a group of individuals who suffer from addiction the same way you do. The therapy allows you to feel free to speak about any issues you have without feeling judged since everyone is in the same situation as you. You can speak about problems that led to your addiction and any issues you’re going through at the time of the meeting. You have people who’ll provide you with support and encourage you along your journey. At the meetings, you can talk about any temporary lapses you have, and you’ll have people will let you know it’s okay and to keep going. You might participate in role-playing games to act out situations you may face along the way.

If you have a mental disorder, a therapist is able to diagnose the condition. Depending on the type of specialist you see, you may receive therapy catered to your addiction in combination with your mental disorder. You may learn ways to identify the symptoms before and when they happen and what to do. You might also be given a medication to manage the symptoms, so you don’t self-medicate to treat it.

You might also participate in therapies like music and art therapy. Music therapy helps people be able to manage emotional, cognitive and physical problems. You learn to use the music to relax. You might use music to identify with, so you feel comforted. Sometimes, you’ll be asked to dance, sing or connect with the music in another way. Part of the therapy process may consist of you writing music to help you express your emotions.

Art therapy entails using different forms of art to promote emotional growth. You learn to handle mental issues using a paintbrush or sculpting tools. This form of therapy allows people to express themselves and relieve stress. It’s beneficial to the healing process of both addiction and mental problems. You could also find yourself enjoying art enough that you take it up as a hobby to take your mind off of using a substance.

Yoga and exercise are types of movement that can help you relieve stress. Cardio exercises release endorphins, which make you happy naturally. Yoga is used as a stress relief technique. You learn yoga and how it can help to make you feel better about yourself. Additionally, the breathing techniques and other portions of yoga help you manage your stress better, and it’s something you can utilize outside of treatment to ease your stress.

After Your Treatment

After your treatment, you may be able to return home, or you may still like you need more in order to completely stay away from drugs and alcohol. You can live in a sober living facility or utilize an aftercare therapy program. The aftercare program may consist of a support group or weekly therapy sessions with a therapist. No matter which therapy you choose, you receive the benefit of the support you need when times get rough and people to congratulate you when you’ve accomplished major milestones. Aftercare helps prevent a relapse. 

Sober Living

Sober living is a home you live in after your treatment. It’s ideal if you’ve already detoxed and went through some form of treatment but aren’t quite ready to go back into the real world. In a sober living house, other people with addiction live in the house with you. All of you must stay clean and not use drugs or alcohol while you reside at the house. You have to pay rent but are able to work while you’re in the house in order to pay for it. You’ll have to take care of your personal hygiene and personal space. You’ll be responsible for chores throughout the house. You’ll have to follow the rules, or you could be evicted from the home. There’s a time limit on how long you can stay, but it’s the ideal way to slowly prepare yourself for living on your own again by giving your responsibilities slowly.