Addiction and Treatment in Hampton, Virginia
Drug abuse and addiction have reached an all-time high in the U.S. In fact, the epidemic hasn’t spared any economic or social group even in Virginia (VA). While the state offers a unique blend of countryside and city, it’s no stranger to drug addiction and related crimes.
Actually, the state happens to be a preferred starting point for drug shipping to other regions of the U.S. Not only is the state accessible via the Atlantic Ocean, it also has an excellent highway system that makes it easy to haul drugs to the country’s interior.
The fact that VA is also close to numerous large metropolitan areas also adds to the problem. The drugs don’t just travel through the state. Rather, some remain there posing an addiction problem.
Although drugs are a principal concern in VA, alcohol is equally a problem. The substance is readily accessible in the state and binge drinking generates societal dangers for both non-drinkers and drinkers.
According to statistics released in 2015, 6.49% of Virginians are alcoholics and the biggest demographic group suffering from alcohol dependency is aged between 18 and 25. Frighteningly, the state is seeing an increase in the proportion of adolescents and children becoming alcohol addicts.
The most popular drugs in the state are marijuana, heroin, and cocaine and while legislators have made efforts to address the issue, alcohol and drug problems persist statewide even in cities such as Hampton and neighboring cities such as Norfolk and Chesapeake. Furthermore, treatment access is frequently limited due to the stigma related to addiction.
Perhaps the biggest hurdle is the fact that inpatient programs frequently have long waiting lists. Consequently, a number of addicts revert to drug use while waiting for a spot in a treatment program.
Drug Problem in Virginia
The distribution, production, and abuse of illegal drugs pose a huge threat to VA, with crack cocaine being the most frequently linked to violent crime statewide and marijuana is the most widely accessible and frequently abused.
However, the nature of the threat differs throughout the state. For instance, cocaine is readily accessible and is the major drug threat to Northern Virginia’s heavily populated regions and urban centers elsewhere in VA. On the other hand, heroin is increasingly accessible and is the major threat to Central Virginia.
Alcoholism in Virginia
Although the prevalence of alcohol abuse and consumption has remained below or at national averages, alcoholism is still a considerable public health problem facing residents. In comparison to other drugs, the substance is contributing to more drug admissions than others by a huge margin.
According to an N-SSATS survey, those admitted for treatment don’t signify all those suffering from addiction since numerous alcoholics remain untreated for several years before addressing their problem.
The avoidance of treatment carries a heavy cost as long-term alcohol abuse leads to various problems for the person, his or her family and everybody around them. The negative outcomes for alcoholism include chronic medical problems, domestic violence among others. Beware that the consequences don’t just affect the person but communities and families as well.
Underage Drinking in VA
Tragic, social, economic, and health problems emerge from alcohol use by the youth. Underage drinking is a causal aspect of various problems, including homicide, traumatic injury, drowning, and alcohol poisoning.
In 2013, underage drinking cost VA citizens $1.0 billion. The costs comprise medical care, pain and suffering related to the several problems emerging from alcohol use. The tangible costs including health care, property damage, and criminal justice totaled $334.72 million annually. Underage drinking is prevalent in VA. About 225, 000 underage clients drink annually in Virginia. In 2013, VA students in grades 9-12 reported that:
- 55.3% had at least an alcoholic drink on one or several days throughout their life
- 18.2% had their first alcoholic drink before attaining age 13
- 27.3% had at least a drink on one or several occasions in the past 30 days.
- In 2012, underage customers reportedly consumed 8.3% of the sold alcohol in Virginia, amounting to $258 million in sales. The sales resulted in profits of $127 million to the industry.
The Dangers Associated with Underage Drinking in VA
- Underage drinking in VA contributes to considerable harm because of traffic crashes, property crime, and unintentional injury.
- During 2012, an approximated 1, 379 nonfatal and 32 traffic fatalities were the outcomes of underage drinking.
- In 2012, an approximated 20 homicides; 15, 400 property crimes including larceny and car theft; 7, 400 nonfatal violent offences such as robbery were the result of underage drinking.
- In 2011, an approximated 7 alcohol-involved drowning, fatal burns, and suicides were the result of underage drinking.
Risk Factors for Drug and Alcohol Addiction
Recent medical advances have proven that drug addiction is actually a disease. Consequently, numerous factors play into the causes, and it often takes a combination of several of these factors to cause addiction.
Research reveals that drug addiction is nearly 50% dependent on genes. In fact, children of addicts are eight times more likely to develop addiction than those who come from a drug and alcohol-free family. However, this doesn’t necessarily imply that every family with an addict in its generation will become one. It simply means they’re more vulnerable to the risks of addiction.
- Mental illness
Persons who suffer from a mental disorder, for instance, ADHD and PTSD have a higher likelihood of developing a substance abuse disorder. After all, persons with mental illnesses often use alcohol and drugs as a crutch.
- Family and Home
Home life can be a huge risk factor for drug addiction; statistics indicate that children from uncaring or abusive households have a higher likelihood of becoming addicts.
- Peer Pressure
Peer pressure usually occurs during the teenage years when individuals are vulnerable. The pressure for social acceptance is a common reason for an addict to have attempted alcohol or drugs in the first place.
Signs of Drug Abuse and Addiction
- Behavioral changes, for instance, suddenly becoming undependable; being uninvolved with family or friends; not fulfilling significant personal obligations.
- Neglecting personal hygiene and appearance
- Red, bloodshot eyes
- Altered eating and sleeping patterns
Emotional & Social Signs
- Mood swings, including irritability and depression
- Considerable cravings for the preferred drug
- Periods of unusual hyperactivity or agitation
Stages of Drug Addiction
The stage involves voluntary drug use without experiencing any negative legal or social consequences. For many, experimentation may take place once or numerous times as a way of having fun.
Some individuals will enter this stage without developing addiction or dependence. Such people have the ability to discontinue drug use on their own. However, the stage heightens risky behaviors such as unexplained violence.
Abuse/ Risky Use
The line between regular and risky use is very thin but it’s typically defined as continued drug use despite legal and social consequences. Therefore, what might have started as a temporary means of escape can quickly result in severe issues. The signs of addiction will start appearing at this stage.
Drug Dependency and Addiction
Physical drug dependence is frequently associated with addiction. Characteristics of dependence and addiction include compulsive drug use in spite of negative consequences and withdrawal symptoms.
Marijuana in VA
Marijuana, manufactured mainly in Mexico is the most widely accessible and often abused drug in VA. However, law enforcement typically considers the drug a lower threat than cocaine since marijuana distributors and users typically don’t commit violent offences.
Most of the marijuana accessible statewide undergoes production in Mexico, but the production of some occurs in southwestern states, VA, and adjacent states. Marijuana’s transportation into the state occurs through private and commercial vehicles as well as through package delivery and express mail.
Mexican and Jamaican criminal factions based in VA and southwestern states and Caucasian criminal factions and local sovereign dealers are the major wholesale distributors and primary transporters of marijuana manufactured in Virginia and adjacent states.
Although the trend in most of the U.S. is moving toward legalization or decriminalization of marijuana, VA is heading in a different direction. Reports indicate a sharp increase in the arrests for possession. Reports further indicate that though arrests declined 6.5% nationwide from 2003-2014, possession arrests in VA rose by 76% in a similar period.
According to a study, the arrests of people of color increased by 106% from 2003-2013, accounting for 47% of the state’s arrests. The same study revealed that people of color were 3.7 times more likely to face incarceration than whites for marijuana countrywide and that 88% of the arrests nationwide were for marijuana possession.
The arrests for marijuana possession in VA have increased from 13, 032 in 2203 to 22, 948 (a 76% increase) according to the Virginia State Police. In spite of arrests, marijuana use continues statewide and the drug remains easy to acquire.
Heroin in VA
Heroin manufactured mainly in South America, is a growing threat to VA. Nevertheless, Southwest Asian, Southeast Asian, and brown powdered heroin are accessible as well. Most of the new abusers in the state are young adults who snort rather than inject the drug.
The drug is readily accessible in Tidewater areas and Central Virginia and is a rising threat to Winchester. Dominican criminal factions based in Philadelphia and New York City transport South American heroin into VA in wholesale quantities. Transporters usually use rental and private vehicles as well as passenger rail services and commercial buses to transport heroin from Philadelphia and New York into Virginia.
Heroin Statistics in VA
Although prescription opioids signify most of the accidental drug overdoses nationwide, heroin is second in place. Numerous persons who become addicted to prescribed opioid painkillers transition easily to heroin use.
The state has witnessed some of the worst effects of the continuous heroin issue nationwide, especially when it comes to heroin deaths and overdoses. While the abuse of prescription drugs has been problematic for years, reports reveal that heroin is surpassing prescription pills as the principal cause of deaths statewide.
In 2016, the state witnessed staggering numbers of overdose deaths, ranging from 3-9 deaths per 100,000 residents in some regions while other regions saw as many as 33-52 deaths per 100,000. Since 2013, reports reveal that drug overdoses have been the principal cause of unnatural death in the state.
Other reports indicate that fatal overdoses increased 38% in VA between 2015 and 2016, a disturbing rate that health officials link to the abuse of heroin, synthetic opioids, and prescription fentanyl. From 2007-2010, approximately 700 persons died in VA annually from drug overdoses, mainly from prescription opioids.
By 2011, heroin started turning up more frequently in toxicology reports, bringing the yearly death toll to approximately 800. This crisis isn’t limited to rural VA. In urban areas, heroin and fentanyl knockoffs are the principal problems.
In an effort to combat the problem, the state has legalized needle-exchange programs since intravenous drug users are contributing to the increase in HIV infections and hepatitis C. The state has also introduced initiatives to increase naloxone access and change policies on opioid prescription.
Heroin Arrests in VA
In March 2017, a drug bust spanning Virginia and Maryland led to the incarceration of 11 people operating a huge heroin ring. The 11 persons from Fairfax County, Prince George, Prince William, and Alexandria County collaborated to distribute over 1kg of heroin with a street value of up to $1 million.
The bust resulted in the seizure of 330 grams of cocaine, 400 grams of heroin, 7 pounds of marijuana, 10 firearms, and approximately $18,000 in cash. In a separate incident, law enforcement arrested 10 people in Shenandoah County-Virginia last year September. The bust led to the seizure of approximately 100 grams of heroin and two handguns.
Rehabilitation in Virginia
Addiction is infamous for leaving addicts feeling utterly trapped and terrified that they’ll never come out of the clutches of chemical dependency. This isn’t the case because rehabilitation offers hope to those struggling with drugs and alcohol, allowing them to restore their meaningful lives.
Virginia has different rehab programs and most are residential. These programs seek to help addicts accept and deal with the psychological and physical effects of quitting drugs in favor of a clean and sober life.
Throughout the state, various locations exist where addiction assessments occur and this helps users locate the most appropriate treatment program in their area. Assessments help narrow down the suitable options and this occurs through an in-depth interview conducted with the user and or his or her family.
Bear in mind that obtaining the appropriate help will ensure the person can achieve some degree of success and long-term sobriety.
Outpatient facilities and residential programs are located throughout the state. Both kinds of treatment usually offer different techniques to help clients. However, residential programs provide short or long-term care options. Any duration that’s 30 days or more is a long-term program while a short-term program lasts 30 days or less.
Residential centers are live-in facilities, which offer what’s required for a patient to remain there while receiving treatment. Outpatient centers however deliver daily services and expect patients to maintain sobriety outside the confines of the treatment facility.
What to Expect Going Into Rehab
An assessment helps determine whether you’re addicted and clarifies important information, for instance, the quantity of alcohol or drugs consumed as well as the duration of substance abuse.
Pre-intake helps establish whether you’re a good match for the treatment facility and vice versa.
During intake, the patient will go through a series of questionnaires that will help the treatment staff understand the patient’s needs.
Detox involves a series of interventions that seek to manage acute intoxication and withdrawal symptoms.
This program allows an addict to receive inpatient care in a live-in facility that offers around-the-clock care along with a controlled environment to aid the healing procedure.
This program allows addicts to maintain their ordinary routine but still go to the treatment center for a specified duration each week or day. It’s ideal for persons with comparatively severe addictions.
The objective of this plan is relapse prevention and it’s crucial to maintaining continuous sobriety upon leaving a treatment facility.
- Sober living
Sober living denotes transitional residences where addicts in recovery reside together. They provide opportunities to produce a healthier lifestyle, including relationships, work, and physical fitness.
Addiction is a grotesque epidemic that affects everyone regardless of gender, age, or social class. As the country continues to grapple with the serious problem, Virginia isn’t immune to its effects either. Fortunately, the state offers addicts hope through the numerous rehab facilities. The key is establishing the one that suits your needs best.
Specialized Treatment Services
West Virginia offers specific kinds of drug rehabilitation. Such centers are equipped to help persons with co-occurring substance abuse and mental disorders, expectant women, and people with HIV/AIDS. Other centers will even offer faith-based programs, gender and age-specific programs, and services in various languages.
90-Day Alcohol & Drug Treatment Centers
The state of West Virginia has slightly more than 12 different alcohol and drug facilities that offer a 90-day program. When contacting various centers, it’s vital to establish the different forms of treatment offered and the success rates.
Drug Rehabilitation in Hampton
Numerous people seeking rehabilitation in Hampton prefer rehab facilities and programs that can return the person home and to his or her ordinary life as soon as possible. Persons who are currently abstaining from drugs and alcohol undergo detoxification in rehabilitation. Of course, this usually takes place with the assistance of specialists.
Even after somebody undergoes detoxification, he or she will still experience deep cravings to use the drug or consume alcohol. A number of people claim to experience the cravings throughout their lives but cope through them using the life tools and effective techniques they obtain within an effective Hampton rehab.
Not every rehabilitation facility is identical in this city. For instance, short and long-term facilities exist for alcohol and drug rehabilitation. You’ll also find inpatient and outpatient centers along with residential centers.
Residential centers are ideal for those who select a long-term facility because they’ll be in rehab for a while and these types of programs provide many of the amenities and comforts of home. Short-term rehabilitation isn’t ideal when obtaining residential or inpatient rehabilitation. That is because persons who’ve recently abstained from drugs and alcohol need some time to recover physically and stabilize from the drug dependence.
After a couple of weeks in rehab, individuals are simply adjusting to a drug-free lifestyle and establishing how to adjust psychologically, physically, and emotionally in the absence of their preferred drug. This leaves them with little time to focus clearly on what can help them maintain a healthy and drug-free lifestyle once they return home. This might take some time for those who might need to make considerable and life-changing choices as well as lifestyle changes.
Long-term rehab in Hampton is ideal for various reasons. To begin with, it gives the much-required change of environment and treatment intensity required for many who desire to reap all the rehab benefits and maintain the successes upon returning to their normal lives.
Long-term rehabilitation occurs in a residential or inpatient program. Anyone who’s thinking of seeking rehabilitation in Hampton should bear in mind that several kinds of treatment approaches exist, not only the 12-step program.
Dual Diagnosis Rehab in Hampton
Individuals with dual diagnosis typically battle some kind of addiction to alcohol or drugs along with some kind of mental illness. Persons with dual diagnosis typically need intensive intervention. Programs, which provide dual diagnosis in Hampton, offer integrated treatment, which goes beyond the person’s physical, emotional needs, mental health as well as alcohol and drug treatment services.
An evaluation of the person’s psychological status, including their medication history, is an important first step. Group and individual therapy along with an effective aftercare plan are also vital for persons with dual diagnosis.