The period that opioids stay in your body depends on several factors, such as the type of opioid used, your metabolic rate, and the opioid’s half-life. Once the system completes the metabolism process, opioids are detectable in saliva, blood, urine, and hair sample tests, probably for as long as 90 days.
Also, the time opioids stay in your body differs. After using an opioid, the drug immediately travels to the brain through the bloodstream. Next, the opioid binds to receptors found in the central nervous system to cause pain numbness and euphoria sensations.
Other factors that influence the period that opioids remain in your body include:
- Type of opioid
- Drug dosage
- Method of consumption
- Metabolism rate
- Frequency of use
- Gender, age and body weight
To better understand the period of opioid stay in your system, it is crucial to familiarize the concepts of half-life and metabolism first.
Metabolism means the process of breaking down food nutrients, then transmitting them to other organs in the body, and expelling waste products. Our bodies digest food and drugs with the help of enzymes and several functions of other organs.
Therefore, if people consume opioids, they first go through the metabolic process in the stomach and liver before moving into the bloodstream. For those people who inject opioids in their bodies, the products will bypass the primary metabolism process in the stomach. Absorption will then take place directly in the bloodstream.
In either way, the byproducts will move across the kidneys and liver at least once, then finally, through urine excretion. During opioid metabolism, most opioids will produce metabolic byproducts, while the opioid and its metabolites continue to stay in the body. The timespan of opioid metabolism varies depending on the opioid used. It also depends on whether an individual has medical problems that impair metabolism, like kidney sickness.
A drug’s half-life signifies the time needed for half of the quantity of the drug to leave the body naturally. Therefore, the half-life is a way of measuring how long opioids remain in your body. Additionally, since an opioid’s half-life depends partly on an individual’s metabolism, a person who has a slower metabolic rate will have a longer half-life of any opioid. It also relates to an individual’s factors mentioned above.
Despite other metabolism factors, classification of opioids can be either have a short or long half-life. For instance, oxycodone and hydrocodone have a short half-life, implying on average, half of a dose of these drugs will depart within three to five hours from the body.
Alternatively, methadone has a long half-life of approximately 24 to 36 hours. Fentanyl, a misused drug has a half-life of four hours. An opioid needs several half-lives before it ultimately leaves the body.
How to Obtain Support for Opioids Addiction
Opioids have affected many lives in America since they are highly addictive, misused, and can easily cause life-threatening consequences when overdosed.
Opioids abusers, usually saturate their bodies with their metabolites permanently, meaning opioids residues will always remain in their bodies. Therefore, an opioid can create severe risks to an individual’s long-standing health and wellbeing.
If you know someone who is struggling with opioid addiction, you can find immediate help at our drug rehab directory. Kindly ensure to contact a committed treatment specialist right now for advice about your therapy options for opioid recovery.