The reality of vape juice and e-cigs seem to be foggy as scientist continue to analyze the real effects they have on the human body. The liquid that can be found in these devices and juice bottles are claimed to when sitting in heat can have a chemical reaction forming irritating chemicals called aldehyde while sitting on the shelves.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, over 3 million young adults through middle Scholle and highschool along with adults have admitted to using e-cigarettes. Yale and Duke University researchers suggest that these 3 million people could all be inhaling these compounds regularly. The damages could be severe and could lead to lung and heart issues.
The study which was published this week analyzed eight popular Juul e-liquids, which multiple mixtures of solvents than various other brands of e-liquid. These discoveries are supported by a similar study published back in October 2018 that researched different types of e-liquid brands.
While some aldehydes are deemed harmful, several are generally recognized as safe to eat and touch, states Hanno Erythropel, the groups lead author and an associate research scientist at Yale’s chemical and environmental engineering program. However, there is still very little known about the actual effects of aldehydes and acetals when inhaled this way. Some scientist has claimed that acetals can aggravate airways more heavily than the aldehydes from which they were made. Experts warn that these irritations can cause an inflammatory response in the respiratory system.
At the moment, the FDA does not require e-liquid manufacturers to mention all the known ingredients in their products, so the team of Yale scientist “reverse-engineer” the e-liquids by isolating and quantifying their chemical components.
During this analyzation, the team found the presence of acetals in one of the eight Juul flavors they tested: crème brûlée. According to the scientist, this particular flavor, which uses vanillin for a vanilla-like smell, contained high levels of vanillin aldehyde. They also stress that all the other flavors may contain the same levels of acetals and aldehydes, but they did not test for all the possible aldehydes in this particular study.
Experts note that the current research needs to highlight the possibility that chemical reactions among different chemical components of e-liquids could lead to altered products, which in the end could lead to a multitude of health problems.
According to Dr. Robert Jackler, a Stanford professor in otorhinolaryngology, who focuses on ear, nose and throat, has studied the accelerated rise of e-cigarettes among the young “contributes to the increasing body of evidence documenting toxicological effects of e-cig vapor by specifically testing Juul’s sweet and fruity flavors, which are so popular among teens.”
Saying “this notion [that] ‘it’s just water vapor and nicotine and flavorings’ is very untrue. Countless studies, including this one, have proven that E-cigarette vapor contains a lot of harmful chemicals, heavy metals [and] ultrafine particles.
The discovery of aldehyde. In e-liquids, raises yet another reason to worry about what is in the vape aerosol and how that can harm the developing lung.
Lindsay Andrews, a Juul spokesperson, noted that the amount of vanillin (which is an aldehyde) the scientist cite in their analysis exceeded “real world” exposures from Juul pods. Previous to the study, last week, the Children’s Hospital of Wisconsin published that eight teenagers had were hospitalized with “seriously damaged lungs” through the month of July.
Symptoms reported were, “shortness of breath, fatigue, chest pain, cough, and weight loss,” according to the hospital. “Teens acquiring the habit of daily use of e-cigarettes, driven by nicotine addiction, may well suffer adverse health consequences over time,” the team of physician says. “This means we will not know the full impact of the teen e-cigarette epidemic for decades.”
Contact: Kennedy Adams